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BC Hydro - Solar power for your B.C. business: an update

BC Hydro recently had an inquiry from a business group about how they might apply solar power in lodging and campground-based businesses.

Photovoltaic technologies convert sunlight directly into electricity.

When sunlight strikes the semiconductor surface of the photovoltaic cell, an electrical current is created that can be captured and harnessed.

An emerging approach to producing photovoltaic cells that shows great promise is thin film photovoltaics, where a relatively thin layer of semiconductor is deposited on a low-cost material such as glass or plastic.

British Columbia has a moderate average annual solar resource, with nearly three times the energy available in July and August compared to December and January.

Over the year, a one-kW PV system located in Vancouver will generate approximately 1,000 kWh.

Northwest B.C. has the poorest solar resource, where one kW of installed photovoltaic will generate between 800 to 900 kWh per year.

Photovoltaic systems can be viable and economic in B.C. for off-grid applications to support residential loads in cottages and remote communities, and for non-domestic loads that are not connected to the B.C. grid, such as lighting in park areas distant from the distribution system.

While photovoltaics are still relatively new in B.C., solar hot water is catching on fast.

This technology uses an array of pipes to capture heat energy from the sun (instead of translating solar energy into electricity).

The heat can be used for domestic heating, through radiant heat systems, and/or for domestic hot water.

For additional information on financial incentives for industrial, commercial and institutional entities in B.C., visit Energy Savings Plan.



energy, small-scale wind, Hydro, cost, Mainland, Green Energy Study, installing, power, technology, solar, BIPV, residents, electricity, materials.

This report was prepared by BCIT solely for internal use by BC Hydro.

The solar energy resource in British Columbia is characterized by large variation between summer and winter.

Part of the cost of the photovoltaic system is offset by the cost of the material replaced.

BIPV products are high quality construction materials with warranties that match the lifespan of the solar cells.

Residential BIPV products are limited mainly to roofing materials as the roof presents the greatest surface area on most residential buildings suitable for PV.

The most popular approach to BIPV roofing incorporates solar cells into conventional roofing products such as tiles or metal roofing.

News Release: YVR Becomes Power "Smarter" with new Solar Panels

energy, airport, solar panels, Airport Authority, Power Smart, YVR, Hydro, Vancouver International Airport, installation, energy reduction, Canadian, engineering, customers, heating system.

RICHMOND - Vancouver International Airport Authority has installed the largest solar powered hot water heating system in British Columbia.

The 100 solar panels have been installed on the roof of the domestic terminal building, and will help to heat an average of 800 gallons of hot water at Vancouver International Airport (YVR) each day.

Over the past year, Vancouver International Airport Authority and BC Hydro have worked in tandem to reduce energy consumption and energy costs at YVR.

The savings associated with the installation of the solar panel heating system will add to the nearly $2 million saved to-date through various Power Smart and energy reduction initiatives already put in place at the airport.


energy, resources, costs, hydro, British Columbia, production, mainland, technology, Alternative Energy Division, capacity, wind, electricity, solar, power.

This report was prepared solely for internal purposes.

BC Hydro is exploring the potential for green energy---that is, energy generated from renewable resources through licensable and environmentally and socially responsible projects---to contribute to meeting future demand for electricity in British Columbia.

A potential project for any of these resources would need to be reviewed to determine whether it meets BC Hydro's Green Energy Criteria.

All projects for these resources have the potential to create GHG credits and to be considered green energy projects under BC Hydro's definition.

Summary: Wind energy has not yet been developed at a large scale in B.C., and BC Hydro has focused much effort in the last few years on exploring and enabling this resource.

Pulfrey, carbon nanotube, Electronics, transistors, engineering, modeling, John, IEEE, bipolar, semiconductor devices, Castro, carbon nanotube FETs, compact models, Proc.

David L. Pulfrey Professor of Electrical Engineering

His research area is semiconductor device modeling, presently with emphasis on the development of physical and predictive models for carbon nanotube field-effect transistors.

He has published over 100 refereed articles on the topics of: electrical breakdown in thin dielectrics; the preparation and properties of plasma-anodized thin oxide films; the analysis and fabrication of surface junction solar cells; the modeling and reliability of high-gain polysilicon-emitter transistors; the analysis of silicon MIS tunnel junction structures and related devices; circuit techniques and algorithmic macrocell generation for CMOS VLSI; the compact modeling of bipolar heterostructures; carbon nanotube transistor physics and modeling.

Dr. Pulfrey was elected Fellow of the IEEE in 2000 for contributions to the modeling of heterojunction bipolar semiconductor devices, and Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering in 2003 for contributions to teaching and research in microelectronics.

Full-quantum models for carbon nanotube transistors (David John, Ph.D. candidate).

Compact models for carbon nanotube transistors (Leonardo Castro, Ph.D. candidate).

Prof. José R. Martí, UBC

power, techniques, simulation, Electronics, transformers, control, student, distributed generation, network partitioning techniques, PC-cluster architectures, OVNI, real-time, Engineering, IEEE.

Dr. Martí's Research Group is a world leader in the development of models and solution techniques for fast transient circuit solutions of large systems, particularly in connection with the Electromagnetic Transients Program EMTP.

The group has extended the basic EMTP solution techniques to very fast Real-Time simulation.

Our Power System Simulator OVNI uses a matched software (MATE) and hardware architecture (PC-Cluster) to achieve very fast performance for systems of unlimited size using off-the-shelf Pentium-class personal computers.

Together with other members of the Power Systems Group and the Power Electronics Group, we are studying the coordinated operation and control of local distributed generation resources (LDR's), including microturbines, fuel cells, solar, and wind generators, sharing resources with each other and with the existing power grid.


solar, technologies, solar cells, energy, panels, silicon, production, electricity, thin-film, efficiency, Shell Solar, amorphous silicon, crystalline-silicon, solar-energy.

Energy from the sun---available everywhere, for every-body---has motivated research on solar-energy technologies for about three decades.

Most photovoltaic (PV) solar technologies rely on semiconductor-grade crystalline-silicon wafers, which are expensive to produce compared with energy from fossil fuel sources.

a restructuring meant to make the company more competitive.

The next month, BP Solar (Linthicum, MD) decided to close down production of its thin-film amorphous silicon and cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar panels to focus on crys-talline-silicon technologies.

Current applications of PV solar panels include providing power to spacecraft and isolated villages in developing countries, solar-energy systems in homes and buildings in Western countries (Figure 1), and even powering the lamps of remote lighthouses.

Laboratories first demonstrated silicon solar cells in 1954, and most PV systems today use mono- or multicrystalline silicon as the semiconducting material.

Mott Electric Solar Energy

electricity, Technology, Photovoltaics, energy, solar, BIPV, PEARL, integration, electricity demand, British Columbia, BIPV demonstration projects, building envelope, combining energy production, cost.

The most western province of Canada, British Columbia, has benefited for years from an inexpensive supply of hydroelectric power generation.

However, due to the environmental disruption of large-scale hydro electricity, much of the new electricity demand is expected to be met with combined cycle natural gas-fired generation.

In order to meet future electricity demand and maintain low green house gas emissions, the potential of renewable energy sources and their integration into the existing electricity supply network must be explored.

Recognizing that Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) systems reduce the cost of solar electricity by combining energy production with other functions of the building envelope, PEARL embarked on several BIPV demonstration projects.

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