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Regional Overview VANCOUVER ISLAND/COAST REGION
This region comprises all of Vancouver Island, numerous smaller islands and a section of the mainland which, with the exception of Powell River, is remote and sparsely inhabited.

      Apart from a narrow coastal plain extending along the east coast of Vancouver Island, where the population is concentrated, rugged mountains predominate.

      The region covers 9.8 per cent of the total land area of the province and accounts for 18.6 percent of the population.

      Administratively it includes eight Regional Districts.
The region is second only to the Lower Mainland/Southwest in terms of both population and economic activity.

Just over half of the population is concentrated in the Capital Regional District, which is dominated by Victoria, the provincial capital and a major trade, tourism and administration centre.

Elsewhere the primary industries provide the main economic support with the forestry sector in the leading role.

There are six pulp and paper mills on Vancouver Island and one on the mainland; logging and sawmilling activity is widespread.

Farming, fishing and mining (at Campbell River, Port Hardy and Texada Island) are well represented.

Tourism and the retirement industry contribute greatly to economic activity, particularly in the southern part of the region.
LOWER MAINLAND/SOUTHWEST REGION
Six Regional Districts comprise the smallest of the Development

Regions with only 4.2 percent of the province's land area, but it is by far the most populous with 54.2 percent of the British Columbia population.

The region consists of the flat lower Fraser Valley, associated uplands and the mountains that border them.

It also encompasses part of the adjacent mainland coast connected to Vancouver by the coastal ferry system, as well as the Squamish and Lillooet River valleys which link through Anderson and Seton Lakes to Lillooet.

The Lower Mainland region is the leading centre for virtually every activity in the province, from farming and fishing to manufacturing to services.

Only the mining sector is poorly represented. Beyond the urban concentration of Greater Vancouver and its expanding suburbs, the resource industries are of greatest importance.

As the financial, educational, manufacturing, tourism, transportation and cultural centre of the provincethe region benefits from all developments within its hinterland, which in many respects means all of western Canada. OKANAGAN REGION
Five Regional Districts covering the Okanagan, Similkameen and North Thompson valleys, as well as the Trans Canada Highway-C.P. Rail corridor from the Alberta boundary to the Fraser Canyon at Lytton, comprise this region.

It contains 10.8 percent of the Provincial land area and 11.9 percent of the population. Manufacturing, tourism and transportation services broaden the regional economy but mining, forestry and agriculture remain the primary industry supports.

The Okanagan Valley contains most of the province's orchards and vineyards while much of the western and northern sections, part of the Interior Plateau, are prime cattle range.

Forest industry activity is widespread but the only pulp mill is located at Kamloops.

The Highland Valley area, southwest of Kamloops, contains the largest, and the greatest concentration of, copper-molybdenum mines in British Columbia.

There are also large coppermolybdenum mines near Peachland and Princeton, and precious metals mines near Hedley and west of Clinton. Mineral exploration activity is extensive and additional mining developments are anticipated.

Kamloops and Kelowna are the largest communities with broad local economies based on trade, administration, services and manufacturing. Tourism and the retirement industry provide considerable economic benefit, particularly in the Okanagan and Shuswap areas.
KOOTENAY REGION
The Kootenay region comprises three Regional Districts bordering the U.S.A. between Alberta and the Okanagan Valley.

It represents 6.7 percent of the provincial land area and contains 4.6 percent of the population.

The terrain is mountainous; valleys are oriented north-south and contain a number of reservoirs for power generation facilities.

The only large flat area is at Creston where diverse agricultural enterprises are concentrated.

Cattle ranching is the main agricultural activity around Grand Forks and in the Rocky Mountain Trench.

Mining and mineral processing are dominant at Trail (non-ferrous smelter complex), Kimberley (lead-zinc mine) and the Fernie-Elkford area (coal mines).

Logging and timber processing activities are widespread; pulp mills are located at Castlegar and Skookumchuk.

Cranbrook is the regional centre for trade and services in the East
More information at; Mainland Southwest Region
river, valley, Fraser, mountains, metres, land, Lillooet, coast, elevation, Squamish, Vancouver, mainland, extend, rise, climate.
It has been divided into four Regional Districts: Greater Vancouver; Fraser Valley; Sunshine Coast; and Squamish-Lillooet.
The Region consists primarily of the Fraser Valley and associated uplands, and the mountains that border them.
It also encompasses a portion of the adjacent mainland coast north-west of Vancouver which is connected to that city by highway and coastal ferry system, as well as the Squamish and Lillooet River valleys which link through Anderson and Seton Lakes to Lillooet.
In this part of its course the Fraser River cuts through the Coast Mountains and the valley walls rise steeply to elevations of 1,800 to 2,100 metres on either side.
Labour Force Statistics - May 2001 http://www.aved.gov.bc.ca
Pdf Main Idea: employment, sector employment, unemployment rates, labour force, goods sector employment, declines, Northeast Region, Lower Mainland/Southwest, participation, Statistics, services sector, Thompson-Okanagan, Vancouver Island/Coast, Cariboo, employment growth.
Document Review: Employment in B.C. has recouped the losses seen in January and February, and now stands back at just above the level seen in December, 2000.
Women accounted for all of B.C.'s employment gains in May.
The services sector saw an employment gain of 24,000 while goods sector employment fell in May. Gains in retail and wholesale trade and health and social services accounted for most of the service sector increase.
Unemployment rates in 2000 were generally the lowest in the most populous regions of Lower Mainland/Southwest and Vancouver Island/Coast and were highest in the more rural and northerly regions of B.C.


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