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Regional Overview suite... Kootenay while Nelson serves as the main administrative centre for the West Kootenay area.
The regions long history of mining explains the presence of numerous smaller communities, and a few small mines continue to operate when mineral prices are favourable.
CARIBOO REGION
The Regional Districts of Fraser-Fort George and Cariboo together represent 13.5 percent of the province's land area, and 5.2 percent of the population.

Bounded by high mountains on the east and southwest, the region is primarily high, rolling to hilly plateau.

It is heavily forested but lower elevations are suitable for raising beef cattle; the southern portion is the centre of cattle ranching in British Columbia.

Forestry provides the main economic support throughout the region. Pulp mills clustered in the centre at Quesnel (2), Prince George (3), and Mackenzie (2) utilize fibre resources from well beyond regional boundaries.

There is a large open-pit copper-molybdenum mine located near Williams Lake and mineral exploration is widespread.

The area from Quesnel to Barkerville has a long, rich history of gold mining.

Prince George has developed as the leading trade, administration and manufacturing centre in the northern part of the province on the strength of its central location on the rail and highway systems.
NORTH COAST REGION
This is the fourth largest of the eight Development Regions, covering 12.5 percent of the provincial land area.

The region includes only 2.2 percent of the provincial population and most of the residents are concentrated between Prince Rupert, Hazelton and Kitimat.

The terrain ranges from broad valleys near sea level to rugged mountains and rolling plateau.

The economy is equally diverse.
The coastal communities rely heavily on fishing and fish processing.

There is extensive logging on the Queen Charlotte Islands and the southern half of the mainland portion of the region.

Pulp and paper mills are located at Prince Rupert and Kitimat, and major sawmills at Terrace, Kitwanga and Hazelton.

The mining industry has provided the main support for Stewart, Tasu and Kitsault.

Prince Rupert was originally the leading administrative centre for the region, but Terrace's role in this regard has been steadily increasing because of its more central location.

Kitimat was established in the early 1950s to house Alcan's aluminum smelter complex but the local economy has broadened appreciably.
NECHAKO REGION
The region comprises the Regional District of Bulkley-Nechako and the unincorporated Stikine area to the north.

It is the second largest of the Development Regions, containing 20.7 percent of the provincial land area but only 1.4 percent of the population.

Communities along the rail-highway corridor from Smithers to Vanderhoof and Fort St. James contain the bulk of the population.

The terrain may be characterized as largely high, rolling or hilly plateau bounded by rugged mountains on the west and on the northern portions of the eastern border.

There is little or no commercial forest cover in the northern half but in the south it is extensive and supports a large part of the local economy. The mining industry is the leading economic support in Atlin, Cassiar, Dease Lake, Fraser Lake and Granisle. Large mines are located near Fraser Lake (molybdenum), Houston (silver), Granisle (copper) and Cassiar (asbestos, gold).

Widespread mineral exploration and development is currently dominated by work on precious metals discoveries but large deposits of base metals and coal (at Mount Klappan and Telkwa) offer future potential.

Agricultural activity is limited by climate and terrain primarily to the Bulkley Valley at Smithers and an area west of Vanderhoof, although cattle ranches are found south of Burns Lake as well.
PEACE RIVER
This, the largest of the Development Regions, encompasses the Peace River and Fort NelsonLiard Regional Districts. It represents 21.8 percent of the land area of the province and contains 2.0 percent of the population.

The terrain is largely flat, except for deeply cut rivers, rising to the peaks of the Rocky Mountains on the south and west.

The central part of the region actually extends westward beyond the Rockies, an area that is expected to contain a number of gold-silver mines in the near future.

Grain, forage crops and beef cattle traditionally provided the economic base of the triangle extending from Chetwynd to Dawson Creek and Fort St. John.

Over the past three decades the forest industry, oil and natural gas, and hydroelectric power projects have provided much of the regions economic and population growth.

In the 1980s growth has been largely attributable to the development of coal mines southwest of Dawson Creek in the vicinity of the new community of Tumbler Ridge.
More Information about the subject; Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management - Resource Management Division
lakes, planning area, forests, land, community, Burns Lake, resources, construction, lakes district, ecosection, uplands, spruce, Babine, valley, Nechako.
The Lakes District Land and Resource Management planning area encompasses 1.58 million hectares of land in the north central interior of British Columbia.
Ecosection representation has been a key consideration in assessing areas for protected area status.
Because of frequent wildfires in the past, there is a mosaic of forest ages, and old forests are relatively uncommon, except at higher elevations.
Almost 30% of the annual timber harvest from the Lakes District now flows to mills outside of the district.
It holds promise as a model for future co-operation with aboriginal peoples in identification of land and resource management concerns at the strategic planning level.

issue4.pdf http://www.hctf.ca/
forests, landscapes, ecosystems, continents, mountains, coast, climate, glaciers, history, life, ocean, geography, ecozine, British Columbia, living.
Stuff to read This issue of EcoZine looks at British Columbia's extremes in climate, landscape, and people.
We'll look at why there are such extreme differences, from the rain forests of the Queen Charlotte Islands to the grasslands of the Okanagan and from the boreal forests of Fort Nelson to the cedar-hemlock forests of the Selkirk Mountains.
She hikes in the Rocky and Omineca Mountains and says just being able to see them every day is a source of motivation.
From mountain peaks to the ocean floor, volcanoes, tectonic plates, and glaciers have shaped BC into a spectacular array of landscapes.


economic history


economy Regional Districts north coast region geology physiography climate
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